Speaking About the 3 Causes of Poverty in Pakistan
These numbers show that Pakistani women would greatly benefit from improved health services, as well as greater educational and employment opportunities. Since many children are not in school and are impoverished, child labor is a major issue in Pakistan. The Human Rights Commission of Pakistan estimated in that there would be 10 to 12 million child workers in Pakistan by In reality, according to an All-Pakistan Labor Force Survey, this number almost doubled to about 21 million child workers.
Without education and job skills training, young people cannot adopt the skills needed for employment. Existing systems fail to address the skills demanded by employers, and this hinders economic growth and societal development.
Without adequate education, people remain unemployed and do not have the opportunity to rise out of poverty. In fact, 80 percent of the tax revenue comes from the poor for services including utilities, petrol and mobile communication. Meanwhile, the taxes collected from the rich do not exceed five percent.
- A poverty profile of Pakistan: Causes and classifications.
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- Poverty in Pakistan - Wikipedia;
The more disturbing news is that about 8 million people die each year because they are too poor to survive. Poverty when expanded to larger canvas, it may be seen as the collective condition of poor people, or of poor groups, and in this sense entire nation-states are sometimes referred as poor. Poverty is found in every region around the globe.
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To avoid the stigma of poverty, poor nations are usually called developing or underdeveloped countries. Developed countries are not devoid of poverty as well. In developed countries, this condition results in wandering homeless people and poor suburbs. There are efforts being made at the world level to help poor nations to alleviate poverty and provide basic necessities of life to the general masses. The figures are improving. But much has to be done yet. According to one estimates, while the U.
Pakistan is also one of the developing countries where most people live all their life even without having traveled on an automobile. Successive governments have been making all out efforts to eradicate this menace from its roots but have failed miserably.
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This paper will analyze levels of poverty in various segments of Pakistani society, while scrutinizing its causes and focusing on various poverty reduction and poverty alleviation measures being undertaken by the present Pakistani regime. At the end, the paper will also evaluate efficacy of these measures by comparing them with neighboring India and Bangladesh. What is Poverty Poverty has varying meanings. The main understanding of poverty comes from the fulfillment of basic needs including the necessities for daily living like food, clothing, shelter, education and health care.
Economic description of poverty would simply mean lack of resources and capital.
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Poverty may have varying degrees or levels as well. In economics, there are two kinds of poverty commonly known as absolute poverty and relative poverty. Absolute poverty is basically the set standard of living which is consistent over time and between countries. Relative poverty however views poverty as socially defined and dependent on social context.
In this sense poverty can also be judged by comparing income levels of two different groups in the same community.
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A reduction in absolute poverty is compatible with an increase in relative poverty. Poverty is usually measured either by indices of consumption or of income. In United States, poverty is measured by identifying a minimum dietary or basket of goods. Causes of Poverty Poverty at individual level may have a reason like lack of employment opportunity but at national level, the causes may not be that simple. Basic reason for poverty at country level would include lack of sufficient resources which may have been exhausted due to an ongoing or an impending war, and high level of corruption at all tiers of government.
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There could be economic factors causing depletion of resources in addition to geographical factors like the location of country at a place which may be devoid of natural resources. The structural causes for poverty may also include limiting the opportunities by discriminating in age, gender, and race. Poor governance including mismanagement of available resources and excessive taxations also have profound affects on poverty line of a country.
It is not an easy task to determine precise causes of poverty in any given country. The issue is always politicized and would hence remain controversial. In general terms, poverty can be attributed to factors like population versus resources index and over-interference by the government.
There are analysts who believe that poverty is a matter of social justice and lack of opportunity particularly in education , and that it is often the lack of government intervention which impacts on poverty levels Wikipedia, Ways to Alleviate Poverty There is no single measure to reduce poverty levels in a country. It requires a multi-directional approach to deal with this complex problem and necessitates sincerity at government level followed by determination and continuation of effort in the right direction.
The measures to alleviate poverty can be divided into short term and long term measures. Short term measures are basically more individualistic in nature whereas long term measures are focused on improving the overall state of society. The main responses to poverty at individual levels may include donating directly to those in need and responding to individual circumstances. A variety of measures can be taken to change the situation of poor people on an individual basis, through education, employment, and social work efforts measures.
Then there can be some measures focused at some categories of people who are most at risk of economic hardship, such as the elderly and people with disabilities.